Essential facts that one needs to know about Indian agriculture

Some recent scientific researchers about present-day agricultural technology reflect that as much as one-fifth of the overall agricultural output gets lost because of inefficient harvesting, shipping, and garbage of government-subsidized flora. Even modern technologically advanced methods and the use of synthetic and chemical products produce a significant amount of produce. However, this system continues to fail to address the growing problem of starvation or malnutrition. Even though India surpasses other countries in some socially/economically contributing areas, the crisis of hunger and malnutrition continues to challenge India. 

Researchers have started pointing out how the existing farming practices damage and deteriorate the environmental conditions in several ways for an extended period. And in recent years people have begun voicing out about these practices. There has been a visible change for globalization and more defined health interests. Every human being is slowly learning about the effects and impacts of present-day agriculture and different sustainable ways of agriculture. 

Modern farming technology
Modern farming technology

India farmers harvest multiple crops, with the staples for the primary meal being rice and wheat. Indian farmers additionally increase pulses, potatoes, sugarcane, oilseeds, and such non-meals items as cotton, tea, coffee, rubber, and jute. In addition, India has a large fishery. Every year India ranks in the top ten international fishing countries. But, regardless of the overwhelming length/depth of the agricultural produce, the yields of Indian crop produce are generally low compared to global requirements. Problematic water management is a significant reason affecting India’s agriculture. Few studies show that the inefficient use of water impacts the water tables in that region of rice cultivation. Due to this reason, Punjab is facing a water crisis. Also, there has been a steady decline in soil fertility. Sometimes framers even face situations like drought and other inclement weather conditions.

Even though monsoon is expected with a rainfall that will improve the harvest, the agricultural production has not been considered vibrant for considerably a long time. However, by implementing modern farming technology infused with organic and sustainable approaches, farmers can increase the yearly harvest. Farmers should be given new merchandise, better seeds, organic fertilizers, and organic ways to manage the pest. Statistically, following the agricultural methods backed by science are much more cost-effective. Biotechnology and breeding can be vital in developing eco-friendly and disease-resistant, weather resilient, extra nutritious, and tastier crop types.

This farming approach precisely focuses on soil testing, soil analysis that ensures the solid’s quality does not degrade. They will also use other technologies like artificial intelligence, sensors, and drones to make the process environmentally sustainable. Small and marginal farmers with big farms might also use those technologies with private gamers, authorities, or farmer producer agencies (FPO). Use of the GPS, drones, robots and other advanced technologies simplifies the process for the farmers. These cutting-edge gadgets will make agriculture more profitable, easy and environmentally suitable.

Times are changing, and even though the change might look overwhelming, let me tell you that in general, people themselves prefer organic products over synthetic products as they are much better for health and enriched with more vitamins and minerals. The farmer’s kingdom is looking forward to farming organically because the environment remains damage-free, banning all chemical fertilizers, which can bring serious health hazards for the farmers. In addition, leaving behind conventional farming structures will reduce energy consumption. There’s also trouble with the quantity of electricity utilized in agriculture because many farm chemical substances require power-intensive production procedures that depend heavily on fossil fuels. As a result, organic farmers innovated their farming technique to be profitable and, for my part, rewarding. All we need to do is support and encourage this practice.